It is unlikely that a child in cardiac arrest is caused by a cardiac problem, in fact it is more likely to be caused by a respiratory issue. This means ventilations remain crucial to increasing a child’s survival.
As this is the case there are no changes to paediatric first aid treatment.
We would however suggest the following;
- Call 999 immediately. If the casualty is showing ANY covid signs you must tell the call handler at the point.
- Ask for help, if you have access to a first aid kit, defibrillator & other first aiders send someone for these now.
- If available, ensure you wear;
- A surgical mask
- Disposable gloves (these will already be in your first aid kit)
- Eye Protection
You could add the other items to your first aid kit for use during the pandemic.
The Resuscitation council have given the following statement for Paedaitric’s;
It is likely that the child/infant having an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest will be known to you. We accept that doing rescue breaths will increase the risk of transmitting the COVID-19 virus, either to the rescuer or the child/infant. However, this risk is small compared to the risk of taking no action as this will result in certain cardiac arrest and the death of the child.